Criminological Theory provides easy access to criminological theory through simplicity in writing, drawing the theories, and providing summary statements of the theory. The purpose of this book is to bring criminological theory to non-abstract thinker by presenting the theories in a manner that is easy to understand written in everyday language.
George E. Higgins received his Ph.D. in Criminology at Indiana University of Pennsylvania in 2001. He was on the faculty in Criminal Justice at West Virginia State University. His research focuses on testing criminological theory and using advanced quantitative methods (e.g., structural equation modeling and Rasch models) to better understand crime and deviance (e.g., computer and cybercrimes and binge drinking) and racial and gender/sex disparities in criminal justice. Along with two graduate students, he was the recipient of the 2006 William L. Simon/Anderson Outstanding Paper Award for the Outstanding Faculty Paper at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences annual meeting in Baltimore, MD.
Second, some scholars have argued that the type of attachment measure can have an effect on the study outcomes, because different attachment instrument may measure different attachment concepts (Van IJzendoorn and Bakermans-Kranenburg 2004). Parent reports of attachment and mixed methods had a stronger focus on the quality of the parent-child relationship and the bond between parent and child, but less on attachment security or internal working models of attachment. It should be noted that in particular security and internal working models of attachment are key concepts in the theory of attachment that was originally developed by John Bowlby. The most valid way to assess attachment in adolescents and (young) adults is considered to be the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; Schuengel et al. 2011). It is in particular interesting to observe that (juvenile) delinquents in (forensic) institutional facilities show high rates of insecure and disorganized attachment (Zegers et al. 2008; Van IJzendoorn et al. 1997), which may have important consequences for treatment. Smith et al. (2010), for instance, showed that therapeutic alliance is affected by attachment (in) security. Schuengel and Van IJzendoorn (2001) considered attachment to be important in institutionalized treatment because the internal working model of attachment may affect quality of therapist-client relationships, treatment outcomes, and because institutionalization may have an effect in itself on attachment representations and future attachment behavior of the client.
In the present study, we found that attachment to mothers was more important for girls, while attachment to fathers was more important for boys with regard to the development of delinquency. Given that delinquency is more prevalent in boys, this finding has important implications for theory and practice. First, disturbed attachment to fathers should be recognized as a risk factor for delinquency in boys. Second, interventions that target delinquency in boys could profit from the involvement of fathers. This is in accordance with a recent study of Lundahl et al. (2008) showing that children benefited more if fathers attended a parent training compared to programs that focused on mothers only.
An indispensable international resource, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the traditional, emergent and desirable theoretical positions of the discipline.This handbook is essential for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology. 2b1af7f3a8